Uloom ul-Qur’an – Sciences of the Qur’anUloom ul-Qur’an connects Muslims with the Qur’an by clarifing the context of the words of Allah. This subject deals with the history of the Qur’an from revelation through to compilation and the experiences of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him).
The manner in which the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) received the Qur’an and transmitted it to his community, the contributions of the Khulafaa ul Rashideen and the contributions of following generations are studied.
Also discussed is the categorisation of ayat (verses) into either Makki or Madani, the reason for revelation of individual surahs, the different modes of recitation (Qiraat), the abrogation of ayat and the miracles of the Qur’an.
Tajweed – Rules of Recitation of the Qur’anThe literal definition of tajweed is “betterment”. According to the applied definition, tajweed means pronouncing every letter from its point of articulation whilst giving each letter its right.
The aim is to perfect the recitation of the Qur’an so that our recitation is in line with the recitation of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) and in accordance with the command of Allah:
“and recite the Qur’an distinctly”
(The Qur’an 73:4)
Tafseer – Exegesis of the Qur’anThe aim of teaching this subject is to understand the essential message contained in the Revelation through the clarification and elucidation of meanings within the Qur’an.
This subject involves the study of the meaning of the Qur’an based on the explanations given by traditional scholars such as Ibn Kathir, al-Jalalayn (Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti and Jalal al-Din Mahalli), at-Tabari, al-Fakhr al-Razi and al-Qurtubi.
We begin by studying particular surahs from Juzu’ Ammah. Second stage involves the study of particular verses in the Qur’an that are of particular interest and relevance e.g. verses that include laws pertaining to marriage and divorce, the veil, financial transactions, obedience to parents, touching and handling of the Qur’an and adoption.
Hadith – Commentary of 40 Hadith of Imam An-NawawiBesides the Qur’an, the Prophetic traditions are an embodiment of the code of life. Hadith provide guidance in all walks of life – individual, social, material, moral, economic, political, legal, cultural, national and international.
In the Prophetic traditions is guidance for all mankind. His conduct, character and words provide a path to success and salvation in this life and the hereafter. The Prophet’s life provides a living and practical example for Muslims to live as ennobled human beings.
This subject introduces students to Prophetic tradition and is concerned with the study and elucidation of Prophetic wisdom. In Imam An-Nawawi’s introduction, he narrates that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) said:
“Whoever preserves forty hadith for my ummah in the affair of their deen, then Allah will raise him up on the Day of Rising in the company of the people of fiqh and the people of knowledge”
The aim of this subject is to study in detail the 42 prophetic traditions selected by Imam An-Nawawi that encompass many aspects of everyday life with particular application to our age.
Mustalah Al-Hadith – Sciences of HadithThis science is one of the sciences that is unique to Islam. Prophetic traditions are the second source of law in Islam after the Qur’an and a form of revelation:
“He does not speak of his own accord it is but inspiration”
(The Qur’an 53:3-4)
This subject deals with the history of the origin, development, and the study of the rules regulating the transmission and classification of Hadith – prophetic traditions.
Its main purpose is to preserve Prophetic Traditions and protect it from fraudulence, fabrication and unwarranted additions. Great effort was expended in this field by scholars throughout the centuries. The students will study the stages of development of this science and touch on the lives of well known muhaddithin.
In this subject, students also study the systematical techniques that have been developed and used in the transmission of Hadith from from one generation of scholars to the next.
The classifications given to the Prophetic traditions: Authentic, Sound, and Weak and numerous sub-categories are examined along with the rules and criteria for accepting and rejecting a reported tradition.
Fiqh – Islamic JurisprudenceThe aim of learning this subject is to gain an understanding and appreciation of the historical development of Islamic Law, its basic sources, its underlying principles according to the four schools of thought: Hanafi, Maleki, Shafei, Hanbali; and the practicalities of Islamic Law.
This subject is taught in four parts:
The historical development of Islamic Law, its sources, and underlying basic principles. The important development of Mathabs (schools of thought), their founders and their methodology.
A detailed study of Fiqh al-Ibadaat – Laws pertaining to acts of worship, such as purification, prayers, fasting, zakaat, and pilgrimage.
A detailed study of Family Law including marriage, divorce, inheritance, and custody.
A study of aspects of Criminal Law.
Aqeedah – Islamic CreedThe aim of studying this subject is to present and elucidate the Islamic Creed of the pious predecessors, i.e. the Creed upheld and taught by scholars of mainstream Islam. This also includes a study of the rise of factions in Islam as early as the 3rd century AH, the factors that lead to their development, their philosophies and ideologies and a refutation of these false ideologies in addition to the position taken by the Salaf el Saleh and the Khalaf in the face of such dangerous developments that affected our Aqeedah.
This course also involves the study of Ilaheyyat (the attributes of Allah), Nabuwwat (Prophethood) and Sam’eyyat (the Unseen World).
The first section concentrates on the study of the individual Attributes of Allah, the historical developments of Aqeedah throughout Islamic History.
The second section of the course concentrates on Prophethood with emphasis on what may be believed about Prophets, characteristics and qualities inherent to all Prophets. Special importance is given to the study of stories of the most important Prophets as well as a study and refutation of the false beliefs commonly held regarding some of the Prophets (Peace and Blessings be upon them).
The third section of the course involves the study of important events of the unseen world the knowledge of which reached us through the Qur’an and through the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him). These include a detailed study of Angels, Jinn, Dajjal, al Mahdi, death, the grave, Barzakh (the intermediary world of the dead),the Last Day, Resurrection, the Day of Judgment, the Scale, the Sirat, Jannah and Jahannam.
Tarbeya – Purification of the HeartThis subject deals with the spiritual development of the soul, which must involve the purification of the heart, the disciplining of the self and the enlightenment of the soul in order to become ennobled human beings and gain nearness to Allah.
This involves the study of blameworthy qualities such as envy, rancour, greed, jealousy, lying, backbiting, wishing ill for others and avarice in order to cure oneself from these destructive qualities and ennoble one’s self with the praiseworthy qualities of tolerance, honesty, truthfulness, trustworthiness, sincerity, reliance on Allah, compassion, sacrifice of self in preference for others and serving humanity.
This subject also teaches the practical steps necessary to rid oneself of the blameworthy qualities and replace them with the praiseworthy qualities, acknowledging that it is only through this spiritual enhancement that one may gain nearness to Allah and fulfil one’s role as true representatives of Allah on earth.
Seerah – The Life of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him)The aim of the study of the life of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) is to enable the Muslim, who may have a cognitive understanding of the truth of Islam in terms of its principles, rules and legislation, to gain an understanding of this truth in its entirety.
Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was a discerning and virtuous instructor and spiritual guide who spared no effort in the search for the most effective means of educating and nurturing others throughout the various phases of his mission. The Prophet’s noble personality is a model for all humanity:
“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of God a good example.”
(The Qur’an 33:21)
The study of the prophetic biography is a practical task, the goals of which are:
To provide a practical code of life for every Muslim to conduct themselves nobly and virtuously in all spheres of life.
To gain a better understanding the Qur’an; many Qur’anic verses are only clarified and understood by the events of the Prophet’s life.
An illuminated reflection of the entire corpus of Islamic Knowledge through the Prophetic Biography.
To provide an understanding of the ‘prophetic’ personality of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) through his life and the circumstances in which he lived.
To provide Muslim teachers and propagators with a example of ideal educational methods.